Senator Nick Xenophon is calling for a judicial inquiry into Scientology after fresh allegations of abuse from an ABC investigation.
His call comes a week after he won a Senate committee inquiry into his private member’s bill, which proposes a public interest test for charities and religions claiming tax breaks.
The change of tactics came after revelations in two reports from
’s ABC television that corroborated allegations the senator made in a speeches to the Senate in November. Australia
A first report from Lateline interviewed Scarlett Hanna, who grew up in Scientology as the daughter of members of the elite Sea Org.
“It was just an incredibly lonely childhood,” said Hanna, whose mother is Vicki Dunstan, president of Scientology in
, and the movement’s former director of public affairs, Mark Hanna. Australia
“I had no one to talk to, or to look after me, or to ask me how I was after school – or any of those things that most of us take for granted.”
She told how children of Sea Org members were treated like cattle: living in overcrowded dormitories they were looked after by nannies and saw very little of their parents.
Food and medical care was inadequate and the movement actively deceived social services when they conducted inspections, she added.
Scientology has denied the allegations: a Scientologist who grew up with Hanna told Lateline said her account bore no relation to what she had experienced.
But a second report from ABC was even more damning.
It corroborated a former Scientologist’s allegation that the movement covered up child sexual abuse by one of its members.
This case was first cited by Senator Xenophon in the November 2009 speech to Senate that launched his campaign for an investigation into the movement.
At the time, he was careful to omit any identifying details.
But Carmen Rainer, the victim of the abuse, has gone public in an interview with Lateline.
She told how, between the ages of seven to 11, she was molested by her then step-father. Both her mother and step-father were Scientologists at the time.
Carmen’s mother Phoebe went to Scientology’s chaplain when her daughter disclosed the abuse.
Both now say that Scientology executives put pressure on them to keep it from the police.
“They told me it was my fault because I'd been bad in a past life,” Carmen told Lateline. “I’d probably done something bad in a past life so I pulled it in.”
And she believed them, said Carmen.
“I was 11. That's what I knew. I grew up believing what they believed.”
Both mother and daughter accuse Jan Eastgate, a senior figure in the movement, of having coached them on how to lie to police.
Eastgate was at the time head of the Citizens Commission on Human Rights in
, the Scientology-founded organisation that campaigns against psychiatry. She now heads up the CCHR internationally in Australia . Los Angeles
Xenophon learned of this incident last year from former Scientologist Carmel Underwood’s letter to him.
Underwood wrote that when she discovered that both mother and daughter were being drilled to lie to the police about the abuse, she had tried to object but was over-ruled.
“I was told it was none of my business,” she told the Lateline investigation.
As Lateline makes clear – and Scientology acknowledges – police records show that the man in question finally confessed to the abuse.
In their statement rebutting the Lateline report, the movement said he went to the police because they had pressured him to come clean.
But as Phoebe Rainer told the programme, this was 13 years after the abuse took place – and only after she herself had started legal action against them.
Scientology has nevertheless dismissed the allegations in the Lateline report as “false, highly defamatory” and “vigorously denied”.
The ABC reports find echoes not just in the letters from former Scientologists that launched Senator Xenophon’s campaign last year, but from other testimony further afield.
Hanna’s account helps corroborate claims found in the original letters to Xenophon.
Ex-Sea Org member Aaron Saxton wrote to the senator describing how as a Sea Org officer for the movement in
, he disrupted family life among the staff members. Florida
He banned parents from visiting their children during working hours, knowing that most of them did not get home before 11:00 pm.
“This resulted in broken and dysfunctional families,” he wrote.
Saxton described how he fabricated paperwork to fool the authorities that children based at the
base were being properly educated. Florida
Saxton described how he fabricated paperwork to fool the authorities that children based at the
And Carmel Underwood described how the children of Scientology’s management staff were exploited, put to work for the movement after school.
“These children… were expected to perform like adults, and were treated as such. They saw their parents for maybe an hour, maybe once or twice a week,” she wrote.
The boys had a particular hard time of it, receiving “bare minimum food rations” and made to do hard labour, she added.
Similar claims regarding the exploitation and abuse of children form the core of some of the lawsuits filed in
Laura DeCrescenzo, for one, was recruited into the Sea Org at the age of 12; and John Lindstein says he was doing manual labour for the movement from the age of eight, was working 15-hour days from age 10 and received no formal education from the age of 12.
Nor is this the only case of Scientology covering up abuse or criminal activity to protect its reputation.
Paul Schofield, another former member, confessed in his letter to Senator Xenophon to having collaborated with the movement in the cover-up of his own daughters’ deaths.
But he also cited other cases of child abuse that Scientology either covered up, or at the very least failed to report.
And in her recently published book Scientology – Abuse at the Top Amy Scobee tells how, at the age of 14, while working at a Scientology centre in the
, she was raped by a 35-year-old colleague, a married man, Darryl. United States
Somehow, Scientology executives found out and she was summoned for a meeting.
“I sat down with the Ethics Officer and she told me that I was in a condition of treason for my involvement with Darryl and I was to write up my lower conditions,” she wrote.
Senator Xenophon’s new call for a judicial inquiry focuses specifically on Scientology: the committee into his private member’s bill, while it may end up focussing on the movement, is more broadly based.
But while the evidence submitted to the committee inquiry will enjoy the legal protection afforded official government proceedings – parliamentary privilege – a judicial inquiry is a sharper-edged weapon.
“Too many people have come forward with sickening tales of systemic abuse within this organisation…” the senator told the Australian media.
“We have allegations of child abuse, coerced abortions, false imprisonment, bullying and extortion. Surely the victims of Scientology deserve a proper inquiry,” he added.
Xenophon tried and failed earlier this year to get a Senate investigation into the allegations against Scientology, based on the evidence provided to him by former members.
At the time, Scientology was quick to celebrate. The decision was a “victory for religious” freedom, said Vicki Dunstan in a March 11 statement.
None of the allegations made by Xenophon against the movement had been proved, she said.
That last claim sounds rather less convincing in view of the latest allegations: all the more so because one of the main sources for the Lateline exposé was Vicki Dunstan’s daughter, Scarlett Hanna.
Amy Scobee, writing of her rape ordeal, explained how Scientology blamed and punished her for what had happened.
Her attacker was not removed from his post, but she was transferred to work at another Scientology centre nearby. Neither she nor the Ethics Officer told her parents about what had happened.
“There was this sort of agreement amongst the Scientology staff to keep such ‘internal situations’ to ourselves, thus concealing anything that could potentially reflect badly on the church if it were made known – an unspoken policy still firmly in place and very prevalent to this day,” she wrote.
But it does not take too much to tease out the internal thinking behind such behaviour from the writings of Scientology’s founder, L. Ron Hubbard.
Hubbard’s system of Dynamics, a particularly perverse form of utilitarianism, makes it clear that the survival of Scientology, the group, is more important than that of the individual.
Hubbard claimed that the first dynamic was the individual, the second the family, the third the group: and the fourth, he wrote, was the species.
Hubbard convinced his followers that Scientology was nothing less than humanity’s last, best hope.
By this logic then, the movement’s needs take priorities over those of individual members, their relationships or even their families, which explains a lot about the harsh regime in the Sea Org.
Amy Scobee found this out the hard way, as she writes in her book.
She writes about getting to phone home to wish her mother Happy Holidays on Christmas Day, 2004, after more than a decade in the Sea Org without ever having been given permission to take leave to see her family.
Her mother is clearly upset during the phone call, and Amy knows she doesn’t believe her promise that she will arrange to get a leave of absence to come visit – she’s been 17 years away, after all.
Then she gets a note from her mother, who makes it clear that saving the world is not a good enough reason to neglect her family.
“I know you’re terribly busy, but sometimes fuck the planet and the universe – what about us?”
And Amy realizes that she is right.
I sat there and thought this over, she writes in her book. I could not figure out what was wrong with any mother wanting to talk to their daughter. It made me so upset that my mum felt she had to apologise for wanting to talk to me!
This attitude is hammered in by the church where the group is all and the individual is nothing and anything that cuts across 100 percent dedication to the cause is an enemy…
Which is part what of helped her to leave the movement.
All this thinking has its roots in Hubbard’s Introduction to Scientology Ethics, which also sets out the list of high crimes: suppressive acts that would justify expelling the offender from the movement.
Hubbard here pays lip service to the legal proprieties: it is a high crime in Scientology to commit a felony, for example. But it is also a high crime to:
n give public statements against Scientology;
n testify hostilely before state or public inquiries into Scientology to suppress it;
n report or threaten to report Scientology or Scientologists to civil authorities in an effort to suppress Scientology of Scientologists…;
n deliver up the person of a Scientologist without justifiable defence or lawful protest to the demands of civil or criminal law.
When Scientology is faced with denouncing abuses within its own ranks, Hubbard’s system has conflicting priorities.
Having listed his high crimes in Introduction to Scientology Ethics, Hubbard repeats that none of the above should be construed as a justification for violating the laws of the land.
But this is clearly just window-dressing: for if Scientology is the last, best hope for humanity as his followers believe, then his law of dynamics dictates that its needs must come first.
Hubbard even defines high crimes explicitly in terms of what is bad for Scientology – not for society as a whole.
“Suppressive acts are clearly those covert or overt acts knowingly calculated to reduce or destroy the influence or activities of Scientology or prevent case gains or continued Scientology success and activity on the part of a Scientologist.”
And once you cut through the jargon, his definition of ethics is equally clear: again, it’s about what is good for Scientology.
“The purpose of ethics is to remove counter intentions from the environment” he wrote in one policy letter. “And having accomplished that the purpose becomes to remove other intentionedness from the environment.”
Former Scientologist Gerry Armstrong, now a veteran critic of the movement, translated that in a 2004 affidavit.
“In other words, anyone or anything that was ‘counter intention’ to Scientology’s intentions or activities, and anyone with an intention that differed from the organization’s intentions was unethical and was to be removed from the environment.”
In his 1996 affidavit, former Sea Org member turned critic Martin Ottmann had already reached a similar conclusion.
“The purpose of Scientology-ethics is therefore to impose one’s will on others. The purpose of the Sea Org, which is to get ethics in on the planet, is therefore to dominate the world,” he wrote.
“Scientology has exposed itself as a fascist organization, [which] reaches for world domination and nothing else.”
 See the posting that opened the section of this site, 1 Australian Senator attacks ‘criminal’ Scientology.
 She explained to Lateline that she found out about this after inadvertently walking in on Eastgate coaching Carmen Rainer.
 Hubbard’s system of dynamics run up to eight: the Supreme Being. And some of his writings give the impression that he had himself in mind for that post. But let’s not get into to that one this time around.
 From Hubbard’s Introduction to Scientology Ethics, Chapter Seven: The Ethics Code, in the section on Suppressive Acts, pp 206 to 223 of my edition.
 Op. cit. p 223
 Hubbard Communications Office Policy Letter, June 18, 1968.